Modernism in design and architecture emerged in the aftermath of the First World War and the Russian Revolution – a period when the artistic avant-garde dreamed of a new world free of conflict, greed and social inequality. It was not a style but a loose collection of ideas. Many different styles can be characterised as Modernist, but they shared certain underlying principles:
- a rejection of history and applied ornament;
- a preference for abstraction;
- a belief that design and technology could transform society.
Key Graphic Designers
Theo van Doesburg