Historical forms of binding
Coptic binding: a method of sewing leaves/pages together
Islamic bookcover with a distinctive flap on the back cover that wraps around to the front when the book is closed.
Limp vellum binding
Calf binding (“leather-bound”)
Paper case binding
In-board cloth binding
Cased cloth binding
Traditional Chinese and Korean bookbinding and Japanese stab binding
Anthropodermic bibliopegy (rare or fictional) bookbinding in human skin.
Secret Belgian binding (or “criss-cross binding”), invented in 1986, was erroneously identified as a historical method.