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3: Principles Typography

Typography in Photoshop

Photoshop does not have so much flexibility in terms of vector type controls. But is better for projects aiming for artistic integration of type into images – for example Jabberwocky. Video tutorials Really good rapid overview of all type options in Photoshop  (in Hindi but I understand Hindi). Type on a path Good on the […]

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3: Principles 5: Production Typography

History of the Alphabet

Source edited from: Wikipedia History of the Alphabet Most or nearly all alphabetic scripts used throughout the world today ultimately go back to the proto-alphabet consonantal writing system used for Semitic languages in the Levant in the 2nd millennium BCE. Mainly through Phoenician and Aramaic, two closely related members of the Semitic family of scripts […]

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4: Materials and Process Alternatives Typography

Islamic calligraphy

From Free Islamic Calligraphy Meriem Marsli Edited and extended from Wikipedia Islamic calligraphy, is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy, based upon the alphabet in the lands sharing a common Islamic cultural heritage. It includes Arabic , Ottoman, and Persian calligraphy. It is known in Arabic as khatt Islami (خط اسلامي), derived from the word ‘line’, […]

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3: Principles Typography

Filippo Marinetti

      Marinetti typography  Google images Futurist_Manifesto Edited from Wikipedia article Futurism Marinetti is known best as the author of the Futurist Manifesto, which he wrote in 1909. It was published in French on the front page of the most prestigious French daily newspaper, Le Figaro, on 20 February 1909. In The Founding and […]

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3: Principles Grid

Golden Ratio

Sources: Elaine J. Hom, LiveScience Contributor | June 24, 2013 07:02pm ET What is the Golden Ratio? In the golden ratio, a + b is to a as a is to b. The Golden ratio is a special number found by dividing a line into two parts so that the longer part divided by the […]

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3: Principles Typography

Western Typeface Classifications

Source: edited from Wikipedia Typeface  Typeface classification is not easy because typographic tradition is self-referential – type designers often use older forms as a basis for experimentation and innovation. Typeface design is also related to technology. From early Roman to 15th Century Western type was drawn by hand, either with a brush, a flat reed […]

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3: Principles Design Typography

Vertical spacing: linespacing, alignment and justification

Linespacing or Leading /ˈlɛdɪŋ/ refers to the distance between the baselines of successive lines of type. Alignment or range, is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell or tab. Justification refers to the degree to which the spaces between words, and, to a lesser extent, between […]

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3: Principles Design Typography

Horizontal spacing: linelength, kerning and tracking

Linelength or measure refers to the length of a line of text (caps, lowercase and numerals. Tracking or letter-spacing refers to a consistent and uniform degree of increase (or sometimes decrease) of space between letters to affect overall density and texture in a line or block of text. Kerning (less commonly mortising) is the process of […]

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3: Principles Design Typography

Readability and legibility

Readability is concerned with comprehension: the ease in which text can be read and understood. It refers to entire words, sentences, and paragraphs. Legibility is concerned with perception: the degree to which individual characters or letters (glyphs) in text are understandable or recognizable as distinct from each other based on appearance. Readability Various factors to […]

Categories
3: Principles Design Typography

History of typefaces

Sources: Wikipedia: History of Western typography, Movable type,  Type Design History See also Typeface Classifications Typesetting systems and technology Earliest developments Typography traces its origins to the first punches and dies used to make seals and currency in ancient times. The uneven spacing of the impressions on brick stamps found in the Mesopotamian cities of Uruk and Larsa, […]