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4: Materials and Process Colour

Colour Theory: Perception and Optical Effects

Quick overview of colour in design Design Questions What design elements are perceived first and why? Why are some colours seen more easily than others? Which colour combinations create harmony? Which colour combinations shock? Why do colour illusions occur? How can we use all these factors to enhance communication in designs? The Eye As light […]

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4: Materials and Process Colour

What is Colour? Light and Pigments

Colour cannot stand alone (Wassily Kandinsky) Colour deceives continuously (Josef Albers) Colour is an illusion, but not an unfounded illusion (C L Hardin) Colour is accidental and has nothing in common with the innermost essence of the thing (Naum Gabo and Anton Pevsner) Key Questions in Design Does ‘colour’ exist? Why is colour so difficult to define? Why is […]

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4: Materials and Process Alternatives

Artists and Handmade Books

Book Arts Web: Discovering Artists Books: The Art, the Artist and the Issues Definition of Artist Books Artist Books 3.0  The Virtual Codex from Page Space to E-Space by Johanna Drucker 

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4: Materials and Process Paper

Papermaking: Asian traditional

Japanese kozo Japanese washi Xuan Paper Korean hanji India and nepal African Bananas

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4: Materials and Process Paper

Paper types

Paper can be produced with a wide variety of properties, depending on its intended use: Printing papers of wide variety. This includes book paper, cartridge paper, newsprint, rice paper, silk paper, rag paper, cotton paper. Writing paper suitable for stationery requirements. This includes ledger, bank, and bond paper. Blotting papers containing little or no size. […]

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4: Materials and Process Paper

Papermaking: industrial

Sustainable industrial production Stage 1: Raw materials rags wood: hard woods are more stable than sort woods. Recycled fibre:. Mill broke or internal mill waste: this incorporates any substandard or grade-change paper made within the paper mill itself, which then goes back into the manufacturing system to be re-pulped back into paper. Such out-of-specification paper […]

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4: Materials and Process Paper

History of paper

Source: edited and expanded from Wikipedia The word “paper” is etymologically derived from papyros, Ancient Greek for the Cyperus papyrus plant. Papyrus is a thick, paper-like material produced from the pith of the Cyperus papyrus plant which was used in ancient Egypt and other Mediterranean cultures for writing long before the making of paper in […]

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4: Materials and Process Paper To Do

Coptic binding

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2: Form and Function 4: Materials and Process Anatomy

Book Binding

Up to the early nineteenth century books were hand-bound, sometimes using precious metals such as gold or silver and costly materials, including jewels, to cover valuable books and manuscripts. Book bindings had existed as a functional device for hundreds of years, both to protect the pages and also as an elaborate decorative element, to reflect the value of […]

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4: Materials and Process Paper

Paper Sizes

ISO 216 metric sizes  are the standard for Europe and most of the world outside the US. The ISO 216 system is based on the surface area of a sheet of paper, not on a sheet’s width and length. It was first adopted in Germany in 1922 and generally spread as nations adopted the metric system. A […]